Relational influence on entrepreneurial orientation
Victor Correa | Julio Araujo Carneiro-da-Cunha | Vania Maria Jorge Nassif | Ernesto Michelângelo Giglio
Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, Volume 14, Number 1, 2021, pp. 1-22(22)
Entrepreneurial orientation (EO) is highly emerging in the management literature. However, recent studies highlight the necessity to associate with reflections on this theme, usually approached from an economic perspective, propositions also derived from relational approaches. This paper aims to investigate associations between EO and social networks, specifically about the still little explored relational coupling/decoupling theme.
This paper provides an empirical and qualitative study of religious entrepreneurs. A total of 18 pastors responsible for creating and leading independent neo-Pentecostal churches located in Belo Horizonte/Brazil, selected using the snowball technique, participated in this qualitative, case-study research. Two analysis categories guided data collection: pastors’ EO (behaviors suggestive of their innovativeness, proactivity, competitive aggressiveness, risk-taking and autonomy) and churches’ social framework (the resources and attributes that pastors obtain from their institutional structure).
The study concludes that pastors combine attributes representing their EO and their social structure in developing their religious endeavors.
Among the limitations are the restricted use of semi-structured interviews as a data collection source and the absence of data proving the churches’ performance.
The paper contributes by showing that entrepreneurs can influence the structure of their networks by using EO; proving that networks influence pastors’ EO; revealing recursivity between EO and networks; emphasizing a relational dimension of the EO construct and presenting new theoretical propositions that can be explored and tested in future investigations.
Coupling; Decoupling; Entrepreneurial orientation; Religious entrepreneurship; Social networks